Energy and Society
- D3.1 describe a variety of energy transfers and transformations, and explain them using the law of conservation of energy.
- D3.2 explain the concepts of and interrelationships between energy, work, and power, and identify and describe their related units.
- D3.3 explain the following concepts, giving examples of each, and identify their related units: thermal energy, kinetic energy, gravitational potential energy, heat, specific heat capacity, specific latent heat, power, and efficiency.
- D3.5 describe, with reference to force and displacement along the line of force, the conditions that are required for work to be done.
- D3.6 describe and compare nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.
- D3.8 distinguish between and provide examples of conduction, convection, and radiation.
- D3.10 compare the characteristics of (e.g., mass, charge, speed, penetrating power, ionizing ability) and safety precautions related to alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays.
- D3.11 explain radioactive half-life for a given radioisotope, and describe its applications and their consequences.
- D3.9 explain the energy transformations that occur within a nuclear power plant, with reference to the laws of thermodynamics (e.g., nuclear fission results in the liberation of energy, which is converted into thermal energy; the thermal energy is converted into electrical energy and waste heat, using a steam turbine).