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A fraction is a number representing a set of identical parts of a whole. Example: The fraction 3/5 represents 3 parts of a whole divided into 5 equal parts.

A fraction is a division between the number of parties considered (the numerator) and the total number of parties sharing the whole (the denominator). In the fraction 3/5, the numerator is 3 and the denominator is 5.

The whole is often represented by:

- a circle divided into identical angular sections,
- a bar divided into identical rectangles,
- a collection of items (here the tomatoes) grouped by packages.

- To match fractions in different picture patterns.
- To understand the notion of equivalent fractions.
- To know how to order fractions: graphic method or calculation of the LCM.
- To compare fractions using numbers and patterns.
- To develop strategies for representing and ordering fractions.

A fraction is a **rational number**.

If the numerator is smaller than the denominator, this number is less than 1.

If the numerator is greater than the denominator, all the parts considered…